The Indonesian Football Association (PSSI), known as Persatuan Sepakbola Seluruh Indonesia in Indonesian, serves as the regulatory body for football in Indonesia. Established on April 19, 1930, the PSSI became a member of the Asian Football Confederation in 1954 and gained FIFA membership in 1952.
PSSI’s origins are linked to Soeratin Sosrosoegondo, a Harvard graduate who returned to Indonesia in 1928 and became the first Indonesian employee at a Dutch enterprise in Yogyakarta. Immersed in the revolutionary movement, Soeratin clandestinely organized gatherings with Indonesian professional footballers, culminating in a pivotal meeting in Jakarta, where the Football Association of Indonesia (PSSI) was established on April 19, 1930. Soeratin assumed the role of the first leader.
In its early years, PSSI employed football as a tool to resist Dutch colonial control, drawing together footballers in the pursuit of this mission. By 1936, PSSI had gained considerable strength, leading to the transformation of NIVB into the “Football Union of Dutch East Indies” (NIVU), marked by a collaborative effort with the Dutch. However, tensions arose in 1938, when the Dutch East Indies national football team, primarily comprised of NIVU players, participated in the 1938 FIFA World Cup in France. Soeratin protested against the lack of a match between NIVU and PSSI prior to the tournament and the use of the Dutch flag during the matches, culminating in the dissolution of the agreement with NIVU at the 1939 PSSI congress in Solo.